Australia is the only continent in the world covered by a single country. Here are some other facts:

  • Melbourne was the capital city of Australia for 26 years between 1901 and 1927 before the capital shifted to Canberra
  • There are three times as many sheep than people living in Australia
  • The Australian Emu – a large, flightless bird – can run as fast as 45km/h (28mph)
  • Platypus are highly poisonous, and have enough poison to kill a dog or make a human seriously ill
  • Wombat poo is shaped like a cube!
  • The Box Jellyfish – which is found in the waters of the Great Barrier Reef – is responsible for more deaths than snakes, sharks and saltwater crocodiles combined
  • The record jump recorded by a kangaroo is a whopping 9 metres (30 feet) in a single leap!
  • Two native Australian animals, Platypus and Echidnas, are the only two mammals in the world that lay eggs to give birth
  • Koalas sleep for about 20 hours per day
  • Tasmanian Devils have the strongest bite per body size of any mammal
  • There are 4 different species of kangaroo in Australia, with the Red Kangaroo being the largest. The largest Big Red ever seen was 2.1m tall (6ft 9in) and weighed 91kgs (200lbs)!
  • The Australian Thorny Devil is one of the longest-lived lizards of its size in the world, with a lifespan of up to 20 years
  • The Kangaroo and Emu were chosen to be the two animals on the Australian Coat of Arms because they can’t walk backwards, reflecting a forward-thinking culture
  • 17 of the world’s most poisonous snakes can be found in Australia
  • Australia is home to around 1,500 types of spiders, 4,000 types of ants and 350 types of termites
  • While Kangaroos are considered a national icon, with over 40 million estimated throughout the country, they can also be considered a pest in some locations and are sometimes culled
  • Australia has a larger population of camels than Egypt

Australia